Sunday, 13 October 2013

Used to/Get used to/Be used to



‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’

 

‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’

Students have difficulties in making distinction between used to + infinitive and be/get used to + ‘ing’ form because they look similar. As a matter of fact, they are totally different. ( Učenici imaju poteškoće u pravljenju razlika između used to + infinitiv i be/get used to + ‘ing’ formi jer slično izgledaju. Ustvari su potpuno različite.

‘used to + infinitive’

Used to is for things that happened in the past and have no connectivity to present:
Used to se koristi za radnje koje su se desile u prošlosti i nemaju nikakve veze sa sadašnjošću:
  • Peter used to smoke three cigarettes a day. ( Petar je nekada pušio tri cigarete dnevno.)
  • My boyfriend used to drink a lot of coffee during sleepless nights. ( Moj dečko je nekada pio puno kafe tokom neprospavanih noći.)
  • Sarah and her mother used to go out for a walk every day.( Sara i njena majka su nekada išle u šetnju svaki dan.)
Negative form is ( odrični oblik je) : didn't ( did not) use to: I didn't use to smoke before. ( Nisam nekada pušio/la.)
Question form is (upitni oblik je) : Did she (subject)  use to..? Did she use to drink a lot of coffee? ( Da li je nekada pila puno kafe?)

As you may guess you can not use 'used to' in the present. To talk about present habits we use the present simple and an adverb of frequency (usually, always, often, never, etc.)
( Kao što ste već verovatno pretpostavili 'used to' nije moguće koristiti u prezentu. Da bismo pričali o sadašnjim navikama, koristimo prezent simpl i priloge za učestalost ( obično, uvek, često, nikad itd.).
e.g. I often eat at the Japanese restaurant in the city centre. ( Često jedem u japanskom restoranu u centru grada.)

‘be/get used to’

If you are used to something, you are accustomed to it – you don’think it is odd. If you get used to something or you are getting used to something you are becoming accustomed to it – it was strange, now it’s not so strange.
( Ako ste se na nešto navikli, vi ste se tome prilagodili - ne mislite da je to nešto čudno.Ukoliko se se navikli ili se navikavate na nešto, postajete naviknuti na nešto-bilo je čudno, sada nije tako čudno.)
  • I found Slovak food very strange at first but I’m used to it now.
  • I’m getting used to getting up early.
Both ‘be used to’ and ‘get used to’ are followed by a noun (or pronoun) or the gerund – the ‘ing’ form of a verb. ( 'Be used to' i 'get used to' su praćeni imenicom ( ili zamenicom) ili gerundom-'ing' oblikom glagola.)
  • I can’t get used to getting up so early. I’m tired all the time.
  • He’s not used to the weather here yet. He’s finding it very cold.
Be/get used to’ can be used with past, present and future tenses.
  • You might find it strange at first but you’ll soon get used to it.
  • He wasn’t used to the heat and he caught sunstroke.
Source: Face2Face  - upper - intermediate

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