Tuesday, 31 October 2017

Phrasal Verbs with BREAK


To break up :


* to separate, to end a relationship: They couldn't stand each other. They've just broken up.
*to go on a school holiday :  When do the schools break up in December?
*that cannot be heard any more (voice when calling someone): Sorry, I can't hear you, you're breaking up! 

*breaking into pieces and in this way permanently break: She broke the vase with a baseball bat.

To break down :

 * (break down in tears) to suddenly start crying: She couldn't take it anymore so she broke down in tears.

*to reduce to smaller parts in order to analyse: Susan has broken down her favourite doll to see what it is made of.

* to stop working: Sorry I'm late. My car has broken down.

*someone's resistance  (to overcome it): Parents should know how to break down their child's barriers.


To break in/into :

* to walk into sb's house using force: They broke into his house. 

* to start doing something suddenly: 

- He was standing at the corner when he suddenly broke into a run.

- Susan has broken into a laugh. (She started laughing suddenly)


Sunday, 22 October 2017

Prepositional vs. Phrasal Verbs

Prepositional vs. Phrasal Verbs

Many students mix prepositional and phrasal verbs.
However, we make a distinction between them. There is only one minor difference: the particle in phrasal verbs can come before or after the object (if the object is not a pronoun),

*the particles in phrasal verbs can come before or after the object (if the object is not a pronoun)
Example: I’ll put my coat on.

*the prepositions in prepositional verbs come only  before the object and immediately after the verb:
Example: She is studying for the exam. You cannot write:
She is studying the exam for.

The main difference here between the prepositional and phrasal verbs are that prepositional verbs always have prepositions which need objects in order to complete a sentence and in phrasal verbs we have something that seems to be a preposition but instead, behaves as an adverb that actually changes the meaning of the verb (or the whole sentence) and not as a preposition although it is the same word.  Look at the another examples:

Prepositional verb:
  • She has agreed to the plan. – we have an object the plan after the verb+preposition construction ( agree + to).
Phrasal verb:
  • I don’t like to get up early. Here up is behaving as an adverb particle and not as a preposition. It modifies the meaning of put and adds it a completely new meaning.


Adverb Particles

Some words are combined with adverb particles in order to build idiomatic expressions we call phrasal verbs. As adverb particles seem the same as prepositions it is necessary to see whether they are tied to their verbs or a noun/pronoun. If they are tied to a verb they are called adverb particles, otherwise they are called prepositions.

 Look at the examples:

http://londoncallingdesigns.com/wp-content/uploads/2017/10/adverb-particles-1.pdf*Peter has put his jacket on. -adverb particle is in red ( as it is tied to the verb put to form a phrasal verb)
*We drove to the supermarket. ( closely tied to the noun- supermarket, so we call it preposition)

Note: Some adverb particles and prepositions are the same words and we need to see in which context they occur in order to decide whether they belong to adverb particles or prepositions.


Tuesday, 17 October 2017

QUESTION WORDS - exercises

Fill in the blanks with the proper question words:

_________ is your favourite colour?
_________ colours are your eyes?
_________ is your favourite teacher?
_________ is the nearest bank?
_________ are you?
_________ is your brother now?
_________ do you usually go to bed?
_________ much time do you need to finish your homework?
_________ many friends do you have?
_________ is the nearest restaurant?
_________ can I buy hot dogs?
____________ is your favourite subject?
____________ have you talked to?
____________ is the weather like now?
____________ is your favourite TV show?
____________ often do you go to the gym?
____________ is my red T-shirt?
 ____________ time do you watch TV?
____________ are my glasses?
____________ are you so nervous?
____________ is in the house?
____________ old is your brother?
____________ much time do we have for the test?
____________ colour do you like most?


Read more here and here.