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The Present Simple Tense



THE PRESENT SIMPLE TENSE

Present Simple Tense (Prosto sadašnje vreme) se gradi od osnovnog oblika glagola (infinitiv bez to). Na primer, infinitiv sa «to» glagola raditi glasi to work a infinitiv bez «to» glasi work.
Za sva lica osim za treće lice jednine potvrdni oblik prostog sadašnjeg vremena glasi work. Za treće lice se dodaje –s 
I work – Ja radim                             We work – Mi radimo
You work – Ti radiš
He works – On radi                         You work – Vi radite
She works – Ona radi
It works – Ono radi                       They work – Oni rade
 
Nastavak –s u trećem licu jednine može imati različite oblike. Ukoliko se glagol završava na vokal o nastavak će glasiti –es, kao u primeru glagola go koji u 3. l. jed. glasi goes ili glagol do koji u 3. l. jed. glasi does. Ukoliko se glagol završava na –ch, -sh, -x, -ss, nastavak takođe glasi –es.  Na primer:He teaches (teach – predavati).  She washes (wash – prati). He kisses (kiss – ljubiti). She fixes (fix – popravljati).Ako se glagol završava na –y i ukoliko je ispred njega suglasnik –y prelazi u –ie. Na primer:He cries (cry -plakati).It flies (fly – leteti).Ako je ispred –y samoglasnik, nema promene.She plays (play – igrati).He stays (stay – ostati). 

Izuzetak je glagol have (imati) koji u trećem licu glasi has.
 
Upitni oblik glagola u Present Simple Tense-u se gradi od pomoćnog glagola Do, odnosno Does (za treće lice jednine) i osnovnog oblika glavnog glagola. Sva pitanja se u engleskom jeziku dele na Yes/No pitanja i Wh- pitanja. Yes/No nemaju upitnu reč i na njih se može odgovoriti sa Da ili Ne. Wh- pitanja počinju upitnom rečju a one su: when, what, why, where, how, how much, how many...   

Do I work? – Da li ja radim?                   Do we work? – Da li mi radimo?
Do you work? – Da li ti radiš?
Does he work? – Da li on radi?              Do you work? – Da li vi radite?
Does she work? – Da li ona radi?         Do they work? – Da li oni rade?
Does it work? – Da li ono radi?


Fill in the empty places and then put the sentences into interrogative and question form: ( Popuni prazna polja i potom stavi rečenice u odričan i upitan oblik):

  1. I usually _____ to school by bus. (go)
  2. Peter _______ a student. (be)
  3. My mother _______ TV often. (watch)
  4. Maria rarely ______ sports clothes. (wear)
  5. I _____ these shoes. (like)
  6. The earth _____ round the sun. (go)
  7. I _____ from Serbia. (come)
  8. Steve _____ tea often. (drink)
  9. My sister ______ to eat chocolate very much.(like)
  10. The café ______ at 7.30 in the morning. (open)

Obratiti pažnju na glagole koji se završavaju na:

  1. CH,SH,S,SS,X,O – kod kojih se dodaje nastavak ES za treće lice jednine a ne S!!

watch- watches ( She watches TV every night)
wash-washes    (Susan usually washes her clothes.)
dress-dresses    (Peter always dresses smartly.)
do-does             (My sister does her homework after school.)

  1. Glagoli koji se završavaju na sugladnik +Y menjaju Y u I i dodaje se nastavak ES!

      cry-cries ( She often cries when she hears bad news.)
      try-tries   ( He tries to save his marriage.)

Glagol TO BE je nepravilan u prezentu i upitan i odričan oblik gradi drugačije od drugh glagola.

  1. I am  ( I am a student.)
  2. We/You/ They are
  3. He/She/It is

Upitan oblik se gradi inverzijom subjekta i glagola:

  1. Am I?
  2. Are you? ( Are you a student?)

Odričan oblik se gradi uz pomoć rečice NOT koja se dodaje na glagol.

  1. I am not (I'm not) ( I'm not a student.)
  2. You are not (You aren't ili You're not..)
  3. He is not (He isn't ili He's not)

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1.There are____apples in the fridge. 2.Is there____bank near here? I'm new and still wandering around the city. 3.There aren't _____oranges left! 4.Would you like____coffee? 5.Do you have____clue how to solve this problem? 6.I have____very interesting books, come and we can read together! 7.Tony was having ____ problems with his car, so he couldn't drive his child to the school. 8.She didn't have_____toys left to play with, so I borrowed her_____.
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Used to/Get used to/Be used to

‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’
‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’ Students have difficulties in making distinction between used to + infinitive and be/get used to + ‘ing’ form because they look similar. As a matter of fact, they are totally different.

‘used to + infinitive’

Used to is for things that happened in the past and have no connectivity to present:

Peter used to smoke three cigarettes a day. My boyfriend used to drink a lot of coffee during sleepless nights. Sarah and her mother used to go out for a walk every day. Negative form is ( odrični oblik je) : didn't ( did not) use to: I didn't use to smoke before.
Question form is (upitni oblik je) : Did she (subject)  use to..? Did she use to drink a lot of coffee?

As you may guess you can not use 'used to' in the present. To talk about present habits we use the present simple and an adverb of frequency (usually, always, often, never, etc.)

e.g. I often eat at the Japanese restaurant in the city c…