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The future: Will, Be Going To, Present Continuous

The future: Will, Be Going To, Present Continuous

·        We use will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking: OK, I'll throw those away.
·        We use be going to when we already have a plan or an intention to do something: I'm going to sort out the rest of them at the weekend.
·        We use the Present Continuous when we have an arrangement with another person: She's picking them up tomorrow evening after work.
·        We use be going to for rediction that is based on present evidence ( we predict the future because of something we can see in present): It's going to break the first time he uses it!
·        We use will for a prediction that is not based on present evidence: But you'll never listen to them again.

* When we use the Present Continuous for future arrangements, we usually know exactly when the arrangements are happening. They are the kind of arrangements we can write in a diary: I'm having dinner with Richard on Saturday.
* We can also use be going to to talk about future arrangements: What are you going to do tomorrow?

Positive/ Negative
·    We make the positive and negative forms of will with:

subject + 'll (=will)/won't ( =will not) + infinitive

I'll do that for you.
He won't throw that away.

*Will/Won't is the same for all subjects:
I/you/he/she/it/we/they will/won't do it.

·    We make quesitons with will with:
 (question word) + will + subject + infinitive

When will it be here?
Will it rain at the weekend?

*We often use probably or definitely with will:
Her kids will probably/definitely like them.

*We often use might to mean 'will possibly':
I might finish it this weekend.

*We also use will to talk about future facts and for offers:
I'll be 45 next birthday. I'll help you clear out the study.

Be Going To


We make the positive and negative forms of be going to with: subject + am/are/is + (not) + going to + infinitive

I'm/I'm not going to throw that away.
You/We/They're/aren't going to use it again.
He/She/It's/isn't going to sort them out.

We make questions with be going to with:
question word + am/are/is + (not) + subject + going to + infinitive

When am I going to see you again?
Aren't you/we/they going to see him?
What's he/she/it going to do?

*With the verb go, we usually say I'm going to the cinema. Not - I'm going to go to the cinema. But both are correct.


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Used to/Get used to/Be used to

‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’
‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’ Students have difficulties in making distinction between used to + infinitive and be/get used to + ‘ing’ form because they look similar. As a matter of fact, they are totally different.

‘used to + infinitive’

Used to is for things that happened in the past and have no connectivity to present:

Peter used to smoke three cigarettes a day. My boyfriend used to drink a lot of coffee during sleepless nights. Sarah and her mother used to go out for a walk every day. Negative form is ( odrični oblik je) : didn't ( did not) use to: I didn't use to smoke before.
Question form is (upitni oblik je) : Did she (subject)  use to..? Did she use to drink a lot of coffee?

As you may guess you can not use 'used to' in the present. To talk about present habits we use the present simple and an adverb of frequency (usually, always, often, never, etc.)

e.g. I often eat at the Japanese restaurant in the city c…