Sunday, 15 December 2013

The future: Will, Be Going To, Present Continuous

The future: Will, Be Going To, Present Continuous

·        We use will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking: OK, I'll throw those away.
·        We use be going to when we already have a plan or an intention to do something: I'm going to sort out the rest of them at the weekend.
·        We use the Present Continuous when we have an arrangement with another person: She's picking them up tomorrow evening after work.
·        We use be going to for rediction that is based on present evidence ( we predict the future because of something we can see in present): It's going to break the first time he uses it!
·        We use will for a prediction that is not based on present evidence: But you'll never listen to them again.

* When we use the Present Continuous for future arrangements, we usually know exactly when the arrangements are happening. They are the kind of arrangements we can write in a diary: I'm having dinner with Richard on Saturday.
* We can also use be going to to talk about future arrangements: What are you going to do tomorrow?

Positive/ Negative
·    We make the positive and negative forms of will with:

subject + 'll (=will)/won't ( =will not) + infinitive

I'll do that for you.
He won't throw that away.

*Will/Won't is the same for all subjects:
I/you/he/she/it/we/they will/won't do it.

·    We make quesitons with will with:
 (question word) + will + subject + infinitive

When will it be here?
Will it rain at the weekend?

*We often use probably or definitely with will:
Her kids will probably/definitely like them.

*We often use might to mean 'will possibly':
I might finish it this weekend.

*We also use will to talk about future facts and for offers:
I'll be 45 next birthday. I'll help you clear out the study.

Be Going To


We make the positive and negative forms of be going to with: subject + am/are/is + (not) + going to + infinitive

I'm/I'm not going to throw that away.
You/We/They're/aren't going to use it again.
He/She/It's/isn't going to sort them out.

We make questions with be going to with:
question word + am/are/is + (not) + subject + going to + infinitive

When am I going to see you again?
Aren't you/we/they going to see him?
What's he/she/it going to do?

*With the verb go, we usually say I'm going to the cinema. Not - I'm going to go to the cinema. But both are correct.

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