a storm – very bad weather with lots of rain, snow, wind, etc. :
- There was a terrible storm last night.
thunder - the loud noise that comes from the sky during a storm:
- The thunder last night woke me up. Also: a thunderstorm
lightning – a bright light in the sky caused by electricity during a storm, usually followed by thunder :
-He was hit by lightning and was taken to hospital.
a gale- a very strong wind:
a shower – a short period of rain:
-It's just a shower, It'll stop soon.
a hurricane (or typhoon) a violent storm with very strong winds:
- Our house was damaged by a hurricane.
fog – thick cloud just above the ground or sea that makes it difficult to see:
-There's often a lot of fog early in the morning.
humid-when the air is hot and wet:
a heat wave – a period of unusually hot weather that continues for a long time:
-We had a heat wave for two weeks last summer.
a flood- when a lot of water covers an area that is usually dry, especially when it rains a lot or a river becomes too full:
-There are floods in many parts of India.
a tornado (US: a twister) – an extremely strong and dangerous wind that blows in a circle and destroys buildings:
- There are often tornadoes in the Caribbean in the summer.
freezing cold/chilly cool warm hot boiling