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Prepositional vs. Phrasal Verbs

Prepositional vs. Phrasal Verbs

Many students mix prepositional and phrasal verbs.
However, we make a distinction between them. There is only one minor difference: the particle in phrasal verbs can come before or after the object (if the object is not a pronoun),

*the particles in phrasal verbs can come before or after the object (if the object is not a pronoun)
Example: I’ll put my coat on.

*the prepositions in prepositional verbs come only  before the object and immediately after the verb:
Example: She is studying for the exam. You cannot write:
She is studying the exam for.

The main difference here between the prepositional and phrasal verbs are that prepositional verbs always have prepositions which need objects in order to complete a sentence and in phrasal verbs we have something that seems to be a preposition but instead, behaves as an adverb that actually changes the meaning of the verb (or the whole sentence) and not as a preposition although it is the same word.  Look at the another examples:

Prepositional verb:
  • She has agreed to the plan. – we have an object the plan after the verb+preposition construction ( agree + to).
Phrasal verb:
  • I don’t like to get up early. Here up is behaving as an adverb particle and not as a preposition. It modifies the meaning of put and adds it a completely new meaning.


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Fill in with  some or any: (Sometimes both are possible, depending on how you perceive the situation)
1.There are____apples in the fridge. 2.Is there____bank near here? I'm new and still wandering around the city. 3.There aren't _____oranges left! 4.Would you like____coffee? 5.Do you have____clue how to solve this problem? 6.I have____very interesting books, come and we can read together! 7.Tony was having ____ problems with his car, so he couldn't drive his child to the school. 8.She didn't have_____toys left to play with, so I borrowed her_____.
9.Can I have____salt in my salad, please? 10.They couldn't buy____roses for the teacher. It was too expensive! 11.My parents are usually busy, so they don't have____time left for me! 12.What an interesting story! Do yo have ____ more?

Used to/Get used to/Be used to

‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’
‘used to + infinitive’ and ‘be/get used to’ Students have difficulties in making distinction between used to + infinitive and be/get used to + ‘ing’ form because they look similar. As a matter of fact, they are totally different.

‘used to + infinitive’

Used to is for things that happened in the past and have no connectivity to present:

Peter used to smoke three cigarettes a day. My boyfriend used to drink a lot of coffee during sleepless nights. Sarah and her mother used to go out for a walk every day. Negative form is ( odrični oblik je) : didn't ( did not) use to: I didn't use to smoke before.
Question form is (upitni oblik je) : Did she (subject)  use to..? Did she use to drink a lot of coffee?

As you may guess you can not use 'used to' in the present. To talk about present habits we use the present simple and an adverb of frequency (usually, always, often, never, etc.)

e.g. I often eat at the Japanese restaurant in the city c…